What was your mission during your internship?
I worked as a junior consultant for France Telecom – Orange in the strategy and regulatory affairs in Paris.
My job was to study the current model of private copying levies and to create a new one to respond to the forthcoming change in regulation. In a nutshell, a private copying levy is a “tax” that you pay when you buy a device where you can burn or store music or movies on it; it allows you to make private copies of the songs/movies from the original support to device such as CDs, USB, IPod... This tax is redistributed to rights holders (songwriters, singers...) who fight for a high tax against people like France Telecom, Apple or Samsung who want as low a tax as possible. The questions were: Who should pay (consumers, industries...) ? How much per song/ movie? Can we consider copies in the cloud (Dropbox, Google Drive) as private copies and thus relevant to the Levy? This last question is in debate at the European level as consumers are more and more using these services to store their data (and thus their music, movies, etc.).
In addition to this, I worked on the economic aspects of net neutrality (Do content providers have to pay for network facilities?) and cloud computing development.
How did you use what you learnt at TSE?
During this internship I mainly used the incentive and taxation theory that I learnt in TSE. As I was working in the economists’ team, my background in game theory and industrial organization was obviously helpful to interact with my co-workers on other concerns.
The part on private copy levy was mainly applied strategy, as a matter of time, we had to go straight to the point and I didn’t use clean economic theory. However, I had to go through many papers on network theory to tackle the issue of net neutrality and cloud computing.
How did you get the internship? Do you have any advice for students wanting to find one in that field?
I found my internship on the TSE website, in fact, the school has a strong network, so I advise you to use it! Search everywhere and don’t hesitate to send dozens of CVs.
Seeing the many things we study at TSE, we sometimes tend to forget that one of these subjects might be very relevant to the internship you’re applying for. If addressed and illustrated in a simple way during your interview, you can demonstrate to the interviewer your knowledge of economic theory as well as your ability to put it into practice in empirical situations, which might be just what you need to get the internship!